Academy of Orthopaedic Physical Therapy

American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)

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25.2 Golf injuries: prevention & management
Table of Contents

KINESIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS OF THE GOLF SWING

Abstract:

CONTENT: This monograph provides the reader with a basic understanding of the physical skills required for performing the golf swing motion. The physical therapist's role in treatment of mobility, stability, and neuromuscular problems that may hinder movement efficiency and results in pain are identified. In addition, the main neuromuscular and motion attributes of each phase of the golf swing motion, including grip, address, backswing, downswing, impact, and follow through are thoroughly discussed. Three different swing styles based on differing body types are discussed and a critique of 2- and 3-dimensional models of analyses are reviewed. A well done section on kinetics identifies loads and forces on the trunk and extremities during golf and provides the reader with an appreciation of the loads placed on the golfer. A discussion on common faults provides useful information for clinicians who may not be familiar with the golf swing. This is a very useful monograph that links clinical factors to golf performance and will enable clinicians to not only understand injuries but also the demands of the sport.

Keywords:​

kinetics, kinematics, golf injuries

References

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STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING FOR GOLF INJURIES

Abstract:

CONTENT: In the monograph, the author addresses complete care for the golfer from injury prevention to return to play. The importance of understanding kinetic sequencing of the golf swing and how this background will assist in developing a more tailored strength and conditioning program are emphasized. Specific principles and concepts of strength training are reviewed along with emphasis on training the neuromuscular system as it relates to strength and golf swing performance. Cyclic strength programing and periodization as they relate to establishing a good foundation of strength prior to moving to functional training exercises are covered. Special considerations for golfers related to hydration, nutrition, and environmental factors in order to stay injury-free are also part of the monograph. In addition, a separate section also describes kinesiology of golfer anatomy as it pertains to the golf swing. A bonus in this monograph is the abundant use of figures and photos that demonstrate specific exercises to be used in the strength and conditioning program. Furthermore, a library of video clips for many of these exercises will enhance the reader's understanding of how each should be performed. CASE ANALYSES: Two cases studies are included. The first case describes a 28-year-old male who presents to physical therapy with lower back pain that started a week ago while making a large swing with his driver. The second case involves a 64-year-old active right-handed golfer who has a long history of suffering left knee pain secondary to osteoarthritis.

Keywords:​

return to golf, rehabilitation, muscle injuries

References

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COMMON GOLF INJURIES

Abstract:

CONTENT: This informative monograph deals exclusively with injuries that effect the golfer. Musculoskeletal and nonmusculoskeletal considerations and hazards are both discussed. Injury potentials secondary to the golf swing are broken down by body region with each section relating injury to specific faults in golf swing mechanics. This material is especially beneficial to clinicians who are not golfers themselves. Clients who have a passion for golf depend on the therapist to return them to the links, and this monograph will arm the therapist with the best information to achieve this goal. CASE ANALYSES: Three cases studies are included to allow for clinical decision-making by reader. The first case describes a 56-year-old male who presents with localized right lumbar pain that prevents him from golfing. The second case involves a male professional golfer who has a long history of leg groin, buttock, and lateral hip pain. The third case is a 27-year-old professional golfer with localized hypothenar pain. The cases are followed by review questions that will help your comprehension of the material.

Keywords:​

rehabilitation, muscle strain, golf biomechanics

References

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Golf Injuries: Prevention & Mgmt

This series will educate the registrant on the kinesiology of the golf swing, injury prevention strategies, and comprehensive rehabilitation program design.

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